SCHEELI KILLIFISH

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Scientific name: Fundulopanchax scheeli

IUCN Status: Critically endangered as listed by IUNC 2019

Geographical location:  Endemic in Nigeria; They are distributed at the lower Cross River basin in Nigeria (Wikipedia), Cote d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, and Cameroon (Akum et al., 2007).

Population: Undetermined, insufficient data and research are needed

FACTS

They are originally described by Myers (1924) as a sub-genius of Aphosemion and latter identify as a separate genius in 1868 by Peter (Akum et al., 2007). They are named after Jorge Jacob Scheel; A Danish soldier, whom is an explorer, aristocrat and Ichthyologist (Wak.aka). They are reported to be monannual (Murphy and Collier, 1999); they could be found throughout the year and they are mostly used as an ornamental fish in Nigeria and across the world.

A new spp of Fundulopanchax was reported by Akum et al. (2007), in Cameroon, called Fundulopanchax Kamdemi, found at the Korup National Park and is named after Andre Kamdem Tohan of the world wildlife funds, Central African rain-forest. There was unconfirmed reports of sighting the spp at the Oban National Park (Nigeria) Akum et al. (2007).

ANONYMOUS INFORMATION

 They are non-migratory animal which occur in brooks (Fishbase), males are more aggressive towards each other or another species when they are confined together. Males could be distinguished from female with their color; male appears brighter to female (Aquainfo), females are brownish colour with red spots, while the male are light blue with red spots on top, with a yellow pelvic and anal fins (aquainfo). They have a life span of 1-2 year (aquainfo), when domesticated in the aquarium, which is much lesser to the Goldfish which can live up to 15 years when domesticated in the aquarium.  

Habitat: F. scheeli lives in small streams and ponds (bentho-pelagic region – fishbase) of the coastal Rain forest (wikipedia) of temperature between 24oc to 260c, and water-body of pH 6.0 – 7.5 (seriouslyfish).   

Breeding: They are carnivorous animal, and they feed on Artemia, Mosquito larvae, Fruit flies, Daphnia, Shrimp (petworld) etc. (aquainfo), they are slow eating animal and they might die of starvation when pair with other species in an aquarium (aquainfo). They are easy to breed and incubation period takes about 14-21 days (seriouslyfish).      

CONSERVATION STATUS

Threat: Unknown

“There are no known conservation actions currently in place for this species. More research is needed into its population size, range, biology and ecology, as well as monitoring and potential conservation measures. It should be ensured that any harvesting activities are managed and sustainable. It would benefit from habitat maintenance, preferably within the protection of a protected area” IUCN.

EXTINCTION REALITIES

WHAT IF, THE ANIMAL GO INTO EXTINCTION?

  The animal which currently serves as ornamental fish, will add great economic value to the country.

The conservation of this species could reduce Unemployment rate in the country, and increase the country GDP through export. The Ornamental industry is a thriving one and the industry is still young in Nigeria. 

IF THE SPECIES IS LOST, NIGERIANS HAS LOST A POTENTIAL SOURCE OF INCOME.    

REFERENCE

Akum, C., Sonnenberg, R., Van Der zoo, J.R. and Wilde kamp, R.H. (2007). Funduluspanchax Kamdemi (Cyprinodontiformes: Nothobranchiidae) a new species from Korup National Park, Western Cameroon, Zootaxa, 1532:41-49. ISSN: 1175-5326.

Murphy, W.J. and Collier, G.E. (1999). Phylogenetic relationship of African killifishes in the Genera Aphyosemion and Fundulopanchax inferred from Mitochondrial DNA sequences, Molecular Phylogenetic and Evolution. 11(3): 351-360.   

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