LLW Citizens Action Preliminary Report

The Preliminary result of the survey being carried out (still in progress till May 2021) by Lagos Lagoon Waterkeeper citizen action in commemoration of the World Ocean Day 2020 has been receiving respondents. The surveys gather information on water bodies and the threat to the water body in Lagos Nigeria.

We accessed the different water bodies in Lagos that our respondents have acted in the past in their individual capacity as a Citizens science/action. These include Beach, River, Lake, Bay and others (which, our respondents filled in as Canal, Coast, Lagoon, Brackish Water).
The result as shown in Fig 1 and 2, show that more people acted in Beach Cleanup than other water bodies and none in Lakes

Fig 1: Types of Water Bodies
Fig 2: Types of Water bodies

In the assessment of threats to these waterbodies, different pollutants with respect to each waterbody included Plastics, Open Defecation, Oil Spill, Sand Mining, Industrial Effluent, Household Waste, Excessive Plant Growth, among others. The survey reveals that plastics waste is the most common waste found in water bodies in Lagos, Nigeria. See Figure 3 and 4.

Fig 3: Threats to Water Bodies
Fig 4: Threats to Water Bodies

Plastic production has increased from 1.5 million tons to over 300 million tons between 1950 -2015 as cited by Mrowiec ( 2017). In Nigeria, Plastic production and distribution continue to increase as they are commonly used in the packaging of personal goods, food items and even construction materials.

Plastic pollution imposes a threat to aquatic wildlife and also humans especially those who depend on these water body for daily living (Emmerik, 2019). From the survey, it was observed that the major cause of water pollution is waste management. This ranges from improper disposal of waste (mostly plastics) into drainages and poor drainage system. During rainfall, these water are taken wash off into water bodies. It is therefore important to reduce plastic waste from the water bodies. This can be achieved with the support of community members especially those living close to water bodies. They have to be an attitude and behavioural change towards waste management this can be achieved by education and community participation in cleaning up water bodies.

The goal of this survey is to identify which respondents, the Lagos Lagoon Waterkeeper can contact, follow up with and support to achieve more in their Citizens science action towards a Cleaner Lagos Lagoon. We have reviewed and identified few respondents that we will work with as they are available and ready to work for a clean Lagos lagoon. We will update as they achieve.

The Form is still available and we invite you to participate by taking action and kindly make your report using this form below. Thank you for doing this!


Emmerik, T. Van. (2019). Plastic debris in rivers. November. https://doi.org/10.1002/wat2.1398

Mrowiec, B. (2017). Plastic pollutants in water environment Zanieczyszczenia z tworzyw sztucznych w środowisku wodnym. 28(4), 51–55.